Course Description

Science Research Program – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12

Full Year – Level H: Incoming freshman and sophomore students must apply for admission to this program in January of the prior academic year. Acceptance into the program will be based on a science teacher recommendation, a written essay, and excellent academic grades.

This is an ongoing program that is taken in conjunction with the student’s regular science course. There are several tiers to the program. During Year 1 students learn the components of scientific research including the scientific method and apply these concepts in various settings including designing and conducting an authentic science research project and communicating results by participation in at least one local science fair. Students also explore various applications of science topics through field trips, guest speakers and class projects. Advanced students (Years 2-4) select their science research topic, locate an out-of-school mentor (either in industry or at a local university) and compete in a variety of science fairs including the CT State Science Fair, Southern CT Invitational Science and Engineering Fair (SCSEF) and the CT Junior Science and Humanities Symposium (CT JSHS). Advanced students pursue their selected research in depth, perform statistical analysis and compete at a number of local and/or national science fairs and competitions. In Years 2, 3, and 4 students are grouped together in a non-traditional classroom setting and are required to meet individually outside of class with their Science Research Instructor biweekly to review individual goals and assess progress. All students participate in the culminating annual activity, Amity’s Science Symposium.

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Yale Neuroscience Outreach

On Wednesday, November 28th, Year 1 Amity Science Research students were honored to visit Yale Neuroscience Labs during an outreach event. Please blog a few sentences describing your experiences at each location: 1. Computer Lab Station 1 (closest to entry, different animal brains and models) 2. Computer Lab Station 2 (far back left with preserved specimen) 3. Computer Lab Station 3 (front right exploring senses) 4. Walking tour through labs (in vitro, in vivo, microscopy, sound chamber, living tissue electrochemical impulses) 5. Overall Experience (Rate: 0= lowest; 5 = Highest). Discuss why....


  1. Grayson Arndt
    The station with different animal brains and models was pretty interesting to say the least. Although it was quite interesting and intriguing it wasn’t all that fun. However, I still enjoyed the station very much. The next station I visited was the preserved specimen station. This station was by far my absolute favorite. I was amazed that they actually let us hold a real human brain. Granted it was in a bag but even so it was one of the coolest experiences I’ve had in a while. The third station that we went to was the exploring senses station. In this station they showed us a bunch of cool tricks about our senses. For instance they showed us where our blind spot was by putting a dot and an x on a piece of paper. If you closed one eye and slowly moved the paper back and forth the dot would eventually disappear in one spot. I personally thought this was pretty cool and very entertaining. Next, I went to the labs. We went into this tiny room full of equipment for monitoring neurons. Although the technology was impressive I couldn’t help but feeling a little bored while sitting there and listening to them talk to us about what they were doing. I think the reason for this boredom may have been because I wasn’t always sure what they were talking about. I did get the general gist, however I don’t think that was enough to become fully interested in the study. Last but not least, I went to the museum that was full of jarred up brains that a famous scientist had studied over the years. This room was amazing. The wall was full of shelves and shelves of preserved brains in jars. I was amazed at how many different brains this man had collected and all the different illnesses that they had acquired that made them worth studying. For instance, there was one brain that had a tumor in it that we could actually see. I’ve always known what a tumor was and how bad it is, but I’ve never actually SEEN one. Overall, this trip to Yale’s Neuroscience Center was an amazing experience. Most of the time I was having an amazing time with my friends and learning all of the different things about the brain hands on. I would have to give this amazing experience a 5/5.

  2. J.D
    Computer Lab station 1: I enjoyed viewing the different types of animal brains that they had. I was able to learn why the animal brains are different.
    Computer Lab station 2: In this lab station we were able to observe and hold a human brain. We learned what different parts of the brain did and why they are important.
    Computer Lab Station 3: In this station we learned interesting things about the human senses. I enjoyed the test with the blind spots for vision and the taste test with how there is a different between taste and flavor.
    Cushin Center: In the Cushin Center there are many human brains of former patients of Dr. Cushin who worked with people with disabilities. It was very interesting looking at all the different brains that his patients had donated to him once they had passed.
    Microscope Labs: In the microscope lab I was able to look at a mouse neuron under a microscope. I was able to watch it fire off signals and follow them, seeing where they went to.
    I would rate my overall experience a 5. I give it this because iI learned a lot of new things about the brain that I had not known prior. The visit was also very fun and enjoyable.

  3. 1. Computer Lab Station 1 (closest to entry, different animal brains and models)
    This station was interesting because of the assorted animal brains. I liked looking at the differences between them and guessing which was which. Also, the model of the human brain helped me identify different parts of the brain I had not previously known about.
    2. Computer Lab Station 2 (far back left with preserved specimen)
    I was interested by the size and complexity of the human brain. It was nice to look at the human brain specimen up close and identify which parts corresponded to the model.
    3. Computer Lab Station 3 (front right exploring senses)
    All of the sense tests were fun to perform. The test on how smell affects taste was particularly enlightening, as it was easy to sense the difference. Also, it was interesting to know that the optic nerve is what causes blind spots.
    4. Walking tour through labs (in vitro, in vivo, microscopy, sound chamber, living tissue electrochemical impulses)
    I did not know you could keep slices of brain alive outside of a body for so long. It was cool to see the little electrical pulses that the brain cells were making, and to hear their sleeping rhythms. The phosphorescence that lit up the neurons under the microscope helped me distinguish what they looked like. The brain museum was pretty cool too, because all of the had something wrong with them and I took the time to try to figure it out.
    5. Overall Experience (Rate: 0= lowest; 5 = Highest). Discuss why....
    5, because this was a fun and enlightening trip. The grad students were really knowledgeable and i had a fun time talking to one about his current project. I learned a lot about the brain.

  4. Helen Liu

    Yesterday, at The Anlyan Center, I had an amazing experience with neuroscience post doctors. First, I was honored to go visit the Harvey Cushing Brain Library. It blew my mind to see all the brains, and I learned that the black area or a missing hole was a tumor. It was interesting how all the brains in the Cushing Museum were patient brains, and I learned how a brain tumor looks on the inside. Next, I was lucky to visit a lab studying 3 very different topics. I learned about excitatory and inhibitory cells, and the amazing power of neurons. It made me want to research the topics as well, I thought the ability to change the synapses and firing power of neurons were the most interesting, it was amazing how the computer could track the levels of activity. Later, my group went back to the Neuroscience Lab room, and we looked at Computer Lab Station 2. We saw a preserved brain, and another brain that was cut in half! There, I learned about the different parts of the brain and their function. I have always been intrigued by the brain, so I knew most parts, and it was exciting to learn about even more. Later, I went over to Computer Lab Station 3, where we learned why optical illusions work. I learned about the blind spot in the retina, and that’s why when you see at different positions with different eyes closed. I also learned about why inverted pictures actually work. Lastly, I visited Computer Lab Station 1 where they compared many different animal brains. Every brain has a brain stem, and the old parts (e.g. cerebellum) and it showed how complex our brains are. We have many added different parts of the brain to help us feel, and think, and make us a more advanced species. Overall, this experience was amazing, a 5/5. I learned so many different things, and everything was intriguing. I hope to visit again and learn more about neuroscience!

  5. I really learned a lot durning this field trip. The first station we went to was very interesting. I learned about rabbit, fish, ferret, and other animal's brains. They have several things in common with each other. The next station we went to, we got to hold a brain!!! We learned about the different lobes and what they did to help the body. The third station was my favorite. I found it very interesting about how smell effects your taste. The scholars who presented this were easy to understand and answered the questions well. During the walk through the labs, we saw how mice reacted to different sounds and we also saw a piece of a mouse brain and how the neurons reacted durning sleep. The brain museum was really interesting. I have been on a Tour there before, but seeing it again with background information was very helpful to understand the different brains and pictures in the museum. I would give it a four out of five. I enjoyed everything, but when touring the labs, the experiments were so intricate, it was tough to understand with out any background information on how the brain works.

  6. Yesterday we went to the Yale center for neurology. What a place it was! The walls were decorated with art of past professors. I don’t know how they even navigate those long maze-like hallways that filled the buildings. While we were there we did a variety of stations:
    1. At the first station, we saw many different animal brains such as a shark brain and a frog brain. I always thought that all brains look like a humans, but I was wrong. I knew they would be different sizes but I never thought that most animal brains don’t have the same ridges that we have in ours. Also, we saw why animals have such good senses of smell. At this station, i also learned and was intrigued by the fact that some people can live with half a brain, and look and act almost completely normal!
    2. At station 2 I saw the first real brain of my life. What an experience! They brains were bigger than I first thought it was. I was even more surprised when the mentors there told us that the shrunk a little while they were being put in the bag. I also learned there that the brain has another membrane, besides the skull, protecting it. The insightful mentors said that without is, head injuries would be much worse.
    3. At the station in the front, the hosts had a series of different little experiments for us to try. First, we held out a paper with and X and an O on it. We would close one eye while staring at the X. When you moved the paper back and forth, the O would disappear out of thin air. The next experiment involved jelly beans. While plugging your nose, you would begin to chew the jelly bean. You couldn’t taste anything, but then we unplugged our noses to be surprised by a rush of flavor. Little known fact, taste and flavor are two different things.
    4. Luckily we had the time to go to the Harvey Cushing Center. There were brains everywhere you looked! All of the brains were used by Cushing and all of the brains were from people that had some sort of disease/disorder. After, he checked out a neuron sending an actual electric pulse in the brain. Thanks to a wonderful French Professor, we learned many things about how neurons tell other neurons when to “fire” and when to “relax”
    This field trip was a solid 5! The only bad thing was the lack of time we had to spend there. I hope that we could go there again! I still have so many unanswered questions that the wonderful people there would answer in full for every question I could think of! Thank you Mrs. Day for giving me the opportunity to attend this wonderful field trip!
    -Levi Santos

  7. I greatly enjoyed looking at and learning about the different animals' brains. I found it very interesting to see how the different brains of animals like sheep, mice and even humans look. Also, the sensory demos done were very interesting and enlightening; they showed the senses very well. The neuroscience students were very knowledgable and intelligent. For the tours, I liked seeing the different equipment like the high-tech microscopes and the different experiments that the different presenters were carrying out. However, I didn't find the brain library very interesting, due to the lack of information from the researchers to go along with the different things in the library. Overall I would rate the whole experience a 4/5. The demos and experiments that were shown to us were exceptionally well done. The only thing that I would change would be to remove the tour of the brain library in order to give us more time with the walk-in labs. Vinnie Silverman

  8. Yale Neuroscience Center Field Trip
    Matt Kachmar

    1. At the first lab station, we learned on how the folds in the correct affect on how much information an organism can process and how it learned. They had a few different animal's brains in jars and told us to try to decide which animal had which brain. They told us that Einstien actually had more folds in his cortex which let him be smarter.

    2. At this lab station they had 2 human brains that were being preserved. Brains are... somewhat slimy and feel mushy. They described the different parts of the brain and how the brain interacts with our body. Furthermore, we learned why concussions are not good for your health.

    3. At the third lab station we explored the different senses of the brain. First, we were given a jellybean to put in our mouth while we plugged our noses. We could only tell that it was sweet, as there is a difference between taste and flavor. When we unplugged our nose, we could taste the flavor of the jelly bean. Next, we looked at an inverted version of the American flag. When we stared at it and looked at a white screen directly after, we could see an after image of what the true American flag looked like, because of the opposite color neurons firing off. The last excersize here was to discover where our blind spot was. The optic nerve on the back of our eye blocks off the receptors in the back of our eye. So, we each took a piece of paper with an x and a dot on it, and closed one eye. We stared at the x and moved the paper backwards. When it reached a certain point, the dot next to it disappeared from our vision in our blind spot. We were told that our brain creates an image of what we think goes there, so the location where the dot disappeared looked white, like the piece of paper it was on.

    4. I only was able to go to a few of the lab locations, as we had to leave for LUNCH!...back at school...

    At the labs, there were many different experiments going on. One man had a lab where he recorded mice to see there brain waives when they performed different tasks based on sound responsiveness. Another man had a lab where he tested the brain waives of a mouse's tissue. Another interesting place that I went was to the Dr. Cushion science museum for brains. There were a couple hundred human brains on shelves! They had been donated to the museum after the subjects had died. There were a few exhibits telling how Dr. Cushion had experimented with the brains.

    5. I would give this field trip a 5-star rating. This was a great learning opportunity! This was an excellent field trip because it was very hands on and interesting. I liked the fact that there were college students working with us, instead of older adults. The brains actually did make me a little squeamish at first, but it was interesting after that. I could easily related to the topics because when I was four I had an operation on my skull and brain membrane after I had gotten hit in the head with a golf club. The research at this lab had probably saved my life. Dr. Duncan, a neurosurgeon at Yale, had told me that I had to get my skull reopen, the day after I went to the hospital, as the fragments of my skull that had shattered could cut into the frontal cortex of my brain.

    Thank You so much for this field trip!
    Matt Kachmar

  9. KMD
    1 It was interesting station. Until them, I've never seen a shark brain before. We also talked about how Ampulae of Lorenzini would work in air. 2 Also a very interesting station. We got to hold a preserved human brain. We also discussed how much a brain would cost, leading to uses for preserved brain. I decided on the most awkward game of football ever. 3 This my group's first station, and we saw some cool things , like how to find the blind spot in your eye. 4 Walking through the labs was very nice, although I don't know the names of all the stations. In one, rats' hearing abilities were being tested. In another, we got to see neurons in a web. In yet another, we heard neurons firing, but we got to talking about the Frankenstein monster and why he couldn't exist. We also went into the library's basement, which contained about 600 diseased brains and a few other things. That was really cool. Overall, I would give the trip a 4/5, because although it was really cool, and I learned some things, I feel it may have been oversimplified for us.

  10. 1. Computer Lab Station 1 (closest to entry, different animal brains and models)
    This lab station had a few of specimens of the brains of different animals put on display. I liked the set up because I could see the similarities in the structures and why some might seem to come across as more intelligent than the others.
    2. Computer Lab Station 2 (far back left with preserved specimen)
    In this lab station, I had the opportunity of seeing and touching a human brain. I like that there was a model brain and real human brain. The grad student would explain to us the parts of the brain on the model, and then show it to us on the real one.
    3. Computer Lab Station 3 (front right exploring senses)
    While at this lab station, a few experiments were conducted on us, relating to sight, smell, and sound. It was interesting to know how blocking our nose could completely shut out the taste buds, or that the optic nerve is what causes blind spots.
    4. Walking tour through labs (in vitro, in vivo, microscopy, sound chamber, living tissue electrochemical impulses)
    I was very intrigued by the different areas of study that went on in the various labs. I did not know that pieces of the brain could still be kept alive while outside of the body for a long period of time, which was pretty fascinating. I got to see how brain cells communicated with one another, and how they responded while the body was asleep. Another stop was a museum located in the basement of the library. It was set up in honor of Henry Cushing and his work as a surgeon. All of his patients’ brains were donated to him, and he donated the whole collection to Yale. It was interesting to see what the tumors looked like, and how they changed the appearance of the brain.
    5. Overall Experience (Rate: 0= lowest; 5 = Highest). Discuss why....
    I rate my overall experience to be a 5 because I enjoyed every aspect of it. I was finally able to visit Yale, which has been my dream for so long, and I love it. Neuroscience is somewhat related to psychiatry, which is a topic that I am very interested to do research in. I liked learning about the brain, and looking at all its parts. The brain and its functions interest me, so I enjoyed this trip very much.

  11. At the first station, my personal experience was great. I learned many things such as how the human brain itself is in size compared to other brains. These other brains are animal brains such as those of mice, sharks, ferrets, and rabbits. In comparison, they all had the same structure and many of the same parts. The only massive difference was their size, which is all different due to the size of the animal. For example, a mouse's skull cannot fit a human brain in it. In the second station, spectators were able to touch a preserved human brain. Also, those who were running the event taught students ,in a very interesting way, about all the different parts of the brain, including the cortex, brain stem, and other parts. I learned a lot from this station. In the next station, I learned all about the senses. This station was very interactive, and in fact, most students jumped right in to the first part without even hearing a word from the presenters! It was here that I learned about blind spots and about how the nose and our sense of smell strongly effects our sense of taste. Next, at the fourth part, which was the tour, I learned a great deal of things. I learned about terms like in vitro and in vivo. In vitro is when the brain is operated on as a whole, while in vivo is when is it dealt with in slices. I also learned about neurons and how they send messages to each other during sleep. Also, I also learned about experiments related to sound. The museum in the basement showcased many brains of Dr. Cushing's patients. The presenters also said that he had great relationships with all of them, and how he preformed many breakthroughs in his surgeries of the brain. Also, many skeletons were showcased. Therefore, I think this trip as a whole was a 5 out of 5. This is because I learned so much in the most amazing way possible. In conclusion, this trip was very interesting and a great experience overall. I hope that future Year One students will be able to have this great experience as well! -Thomas Boutros

  12. I did not go to the yale neuroscience outreach. Instead I stayed in school and went to my regular classes. I wish i did go on the trip because neuroscience seems like a very interesting and exciting topic. Learning about the different parts of the brain would have been especially interesting.Also, neuroscience can teach you how your brain works, which is important in understanding how your whole body works because your brain controls everything you do. This trip was a great opportunity for us students to learn about neuroscience, a unique and interesting topic. I wish I had not of missed this trip.

    Matthew McKenna

  13. I thought that the trip was very interesting and cool. In location one, it was interesting to learn about the brains of a rabbit, ferret, mouse, reptile, and frog. I also learned how the different animals had very similar brain structures. The second station was where we learned about the parts of the brain and their functions. We also got to touch a preserved human brain. We also learned about the blood vessels and the main blood artery. The stations was by far the most interesting. We got to learn about the senses. We learned how taste is not as strong when you hold your nose compared to when you don't. We also got to hold a white piece of paper with an x and a circle, and as you move the paper closer to you face, the circle disappears, and you had to close if our right eye. I found that basement museum very intriguing. The human brains and animal brains very interesting and cool. Also tour of the labs were very cool. The had very expensive equipment to study the brains. It was really neat seeing the neuron through a microscope in one of the labs. Overall, I thought this was very fun and interesting. From 0 to 5, I would rate this a 5.

  14. Jacob Gibbons-Morales

    1. I found the station with the different brains interesting. I learned a lot of interesting things about different animals brains. I also liked how the compared the brains. Finally I found the current research they talked about intriguing. It led me to want to learn more about the technology that they want to use to help a paraplegic kid kick a shoot at the opening ceremony for the 2014 world cup

    2. I found the experience of seeing a real human brain right in front of me a very interesting experience. To be honest it was a bit creepy as well. When I told my friends what I had done on the fieldtrip this was what I told them because it was the most unique experience.

    3. I found this station the most fun because, it allowed me to participate in experiments. It gave me a first hand experience. Allowing me to participate kept me engaged.

    4. Overall I liked this segment of the field trip although it could be improved. I would have liked to spend more time at each station so that I can get a better understanding of what they are doing.

    5. Over all I would have given the trip a 4 out of 5. I enjoyed it but sometimes it was a little confusing because the scientific experiment they were doing were very complicated.

  15. 1. Computer Lab Station
    At this station, I learned about what the structure of the brain revealed about how intelligent the animal was. We also discussed the book Second Nature by Gerald M. Edelman (a book we are reading in class with Mr. Lazzaro). It gave me knew insight about how scientists view consciousness.

    2. Computer Lab Station 2
    This station was very interesting! The experience of being able to see and touch a human brain is truly one of a kind. I learned a ton of information about the different parts of the brain and their functions, and how important it is to ensure that every part of your brain is kept safe and sound.

    3. Computer Lab Station 3
    Here, I learned about sight, smell, taste, and sound. My favorite demonstration was when they gave each student a jellybean. First, we put the jellybean in our mouth with our noses plugged. Then, we unplugged our noses and we tasted the jellybean! Here I learned the reason why food always tasted bland when I had stuffy nose.

    4. Walking tour through labs
    Wow! This part of the trip had to be my favorite. Although we got lost a few time looking for the locations (my group was the first group to participate in this part), it was definitely worth it! The Cushing Center was fascinating...the countless jars of brains left me speechless! Also, each lab station gave me a first-hand experience of the field of neurology. For example, I got to see how a rat was trained to lick at a certain sound that had a certain frequency and how running affected his reaction.

    5. Overall Experience
    This experience could never be replaced. Every station was unique and enjoyable while I still learned a ton of information about brains. Thus, I rate this field trip a 5 out of 5. Maybe I will relate future projects to neurology!
    Thank you for organizing the field trip for us! I hope future students will also be able to experience this field trip.

  16. Barak Davidi

    1. While at this station, I learned about how the different parts of the brain work, and how the brains have evolved over time. We got to see mice, shark, and rodent brain, and we also go to touch a sheep brain(that was in a bag.) But most of the time at this station was spent asking/answering various questions about the brain.

    2. This station was probably my favorite. We got to play around and feel a human brain that was in a bag and to feel one that was sliced in two. We learned about the various parts and their job in making us who we are.

    3. This was also a very cool station. Here we explored our senses, and learned about different ways to manipulate them. Some of the things we did here was the reverse american flag eye trick. This is where you stare at a flag that has reverse colors of the original flag, and when you look away you see the flag normally. We also did the jelly bean trick and found our blind spot.

    4. At this part of the trip we explored parts of Yale. We walked to several different labs to see actual scientists in their everyday jobs. This included looking at machines that costed millions of dollars that could measure the sounds of a neuron and show us what it looked like. We also got to see test chambers that were set up for experiments to be done in the future. Although the scientists were very entertaining, my favorite part of this was when we walked around the place and saw all the things that were on display and all of the people the worked there. The second part of this tour included walking into a room that held dozens of brains in jars collected by a famous scientist. These brains were organized on the walls and there were pictures of the people from which the brains were taking. This room was amazing although I have to admit it was a little creepy.

    5. Overall, this trip was amazing. Everything was very well planned out and all of the students who led the tour were very smart and interesting. It would be awesome to go there again another time.

  17. 1. I found station one quite interesting. There, we saw different animal brains in great detail. We could compare the brains to each other, really allowing us to see the correlation between brain size to the intelligence of the animal. On top of that, the students (for my group) who were explaining this station to us were fun and interesting - which definitely enhanced my experience there.
    2. This station was a real eye-opener. Our time here was spent by dealing with an actual human brain. The size/mass of it was incredible to me. I never realized that that's how big a human brain is. After getting over the idea that I was actually seeing a real brain, I toned in to the explanation of each part of the brain - which was interesting and a great learning experience for me.
    3. This station was the most fun of them all in my opinion. There, we verified every day things that we hear about. To explain, it's no surprise that people have blind spots, but it is a mystery why (it was to me at least). At this station, I learned why. Also, I learned that when you plug your nose while eating, the taste really is dulled. This fact will certainly come to use when I'm faced with eating an extremely spicy food or unappealing vegetable. However, plugging my nose to eat the jelly beans that they gave us was not necessary despite what we learned from it.
    4. Walking around the labs had some highs and some lows. It was very rushed for most of the time and I had trouble absorbing all of the interesting information that they were telling me in a very short amount of time. Despite this, it was this part of the trip that included my favorite part - the room with all the brains! This was very surreal for me. Previously, I thought it was only in movies that rooms like this one existed. But I was proved wrong - I was surrounded by hundreds of human brains (except one jar which had ovaries in it)!
    5. I'd give my overall experience a 4. I enjoyed just about everything and thought it was well done. The Yale students were nice and full of information that they passed to us. However, I would have enjoyed a little more time to go to the labs in the separate rooms. But overall, I'd definitely support the idea of continuing going there!

  18. 1. This station was very unique and fun. We got to see the brains of many different animals such as sheep, frogs, mice, and sharks. We learned about how the size of certain structures in the brains affected what the animal was able to do and how intelligent it was. It was interesting to see how much the brain of each animal was different from the other ones.

    2. I enjoyed this station the most out of all of them. I had never seen a real human brain before, and it was a once in a lifetime experience to be able to see and hold a full human brain and one that was cut in half. We also learned a lot about what each part of the brain is responsible for.

    3. I had a lot of fun in this station as well. We learned a lot about the senses during our time there. It was interesting to learn about your blind spot and to see how some of the color receptors in your eyes can become tired so when you look away, you can no longer see those colors. I was also very surprised to learn that your nose does most of the tasting and your tongue is only capable of tasting simple flavors. Getting jelly beans was definitely a plus as well.

    4. For our group, the walk around the labs was a little rushed so we did not get as much out of it as we could have. However, it was still very enjoyable and I learned a little about how scientists can study brain activity using rats or just a piece of brain tissue. The Cushing Center, in my opinion, was amazing (although a little weird)and one of the most fascinating parts of the trip. I have never seen so many human brains gathered into a single room, and i have to admit it was a little creepy. The pictures of Dr. Cushing's deformed patients did not really help to lighten the mood either. :)

    5. Overall, I would rate my experience as a 5. I learned so many things during the trip and I definitely recommend going there again next year. The Yale students were great teachers and I had a great time there. It will definitely be an experience that I will not forget.

    George Zhang